LAWS OF MALAYSIA ACT 597 - HUMAN RIGHTS COMMISSION OF MALAYSIA ACT 1999
ARRANGEMENT OF CLAUSES
PART I PRELIMINARY
1. Short title and commencement
PART II ESTABLISHMENT OF THE HUMAN RIGHTS COMMISSION OF MALAYSIA
3. Establishment of the Commission
4. Functions and powers of the Commission
5. Members of the Commission and term of office
6. Chairman and Vice-Chairman
7. Meetings of the Commission
9. Vacation of office
PART III POWERS OF INQUIRY OF THE COMMISSION
12. Commission may inquire on own motion or on complaint
13. Procedure where infringement is not disclosed or is disclosed
14. Powers relating to inquiries
15. Evidence before the Commission
PART IV STAFF OF THE COMMISSION
16. Appointment of Secretary and the staff
17. Delegation of powers
18. Protection of members, officers and servants of the Commission
PART V GENERAL
20. Application of Act 240
21. Annual Report
23. Power to make disciplinary regulations
LAWS OF MALAYSIA
HUMAN RIGHTS COMMISSION OF MALAYSIA ACT 1999
An Act to provide for the establishment of the Human Rights Commission of; to
set out the powers and functions of such commission for the protection and promotion
of human rights in Malaysia; and to provide for matters connected therewith or
by the Parliament of Malaysia as follows:
Short title and commencement
(1) This Act may be cited as the Human Rights Commission of Malaysia
(2) This Act shall come into operation on a date to be appointed by the Minister
by notification in the Gazette
In this Act, unless the context otherwise requires---
"Government" means the Government of Malaysia;
"human rights" refers to fundamental liberties as enshrined in Part II of the
"minister" means the Minister charged with the responsibility for human rights.
ESTABLISHMENT OF THE HUMAN RIGHTS
COMMISSION OF MALAYSIA
Establishment of the Commission
(1) There is hereby established a Commission which shall be known
as the Human Rights Commission of Malaysia (the "Commission).
(2) The Commission shall be a body corporate having perpetual succession and
common seal, which may sue and be sued in its name and, subject to and for the
purposes of this Act, may enter into contracts and may acquire, purchase, take,
hold and enjoy movable and immovable property of every description and may convey,
assign, surrender, yield up, charge, mortgage, demise, reassign, transfer or
otherwise dispose of, or deal with, any movable or immovable property or any
interest therein vested in the Commission upon such term as it deems fit.
(3) The Commission shall have a common seal bear such device as the Commission
shall approve and such deal may be broken, changed, altered or made anew as the
Commission thinks fit.
(4) The common seal shall be kept in the custody of the Secretary to the Commission
or such other person as may be authorised by the Commission and shall be authenticated
by the Secretary or such authorised person or by any officer authorised by the
Secretary or such authorised person in writing.
(5) All deeds, documents and other instruments purporting to be sealed with the
common seal, authenticated as specified in subsection (4) shall until the contrary
is proved, be deemed to have been validly execute.
(6) The common seal of the Commission shall be officially and judicially noticed.
Function and powers of the Commission
(1) In furtherance of the protection and promotion of human rights
in Malaysia, the functions of the Commission shall be---
||to promote awareness and to provide education in relation to the human rights;
||to advise and assist the Government in formulating legislation and administrative
directives and procedures and recommend the necessary measures to be taken;
||to recommend to the Government with regard to the subscription or accession
of treaties and other international instruments in the field of human rights;
||to inquire into complaints regarding infringements of human rights referred
to in section 12.
(2) For the purpose of discharging its functions, the Commission may exercise
any or all of the following powers:
||to promote awareness of human rights and to undertake research by conducting
programmes, seminars and workshops and to disseminate and distribute the results
of such research;
||to advise the Government and/or the relevant authorities of complaints against
such authorities and recommend to the Government and/or such authorities appropriate
measures to be taken;
||to study and verify any infringement of human rights in accordance with the
provisions of this Act;
||to visit places of detention in accordance with procedures as prescribed
by the laws relating to the places of detention and to make necessary recommendations;
||to issues public statements on human rights as and when necessary; and
||to undertake any other appropriate activities as are necessary in accordance
with the written laws in force, if any, in relation to such activities.
(3) The visit by the Commission to any place of detention under paragraph (2)(d)
shall not be refused by the person in charge of such place of detention if the
procedures provided in the laws regulating such places of detention are complied
(4) For the purpose of this Act, regard shall be had to the Universal Declaration
of Human Rights 1948 to the extent that it is not inconsistent with the Federal
Members of the Commission and term of office
(1) The Commission shall consist of not more than twenty members.
(2) Members of the Commission shall be appointed by the Yang di-Pertuan Agong,
on the recommendation of the Prime Minister.
(3) Members of the Commission shall be appointed from amongst prominent personalities
including those from various religious and racial background.
(4) Every member shall hold office for a period of two years and is eligible
Chairman and Vice-Chairman
(1) The Yang di-Pertuan Agong shall designate one of the members
appointed under section 5 to be the Chairman of the Commission
(2) The Chairman's term of office shall be his period of membership on the Commission.
(3) A Vice-Chairman shall be elected by the members of the Commission from amongst
(4) Where the Chairman of the Commission is for any reason unable to perform
the function of the Chairman, or during any period of vacancy in the office of
the Chairman, the Vice-Chairman shall perform the functions of the Chairman.
Meetings of the Commission
(1) The Commission of the Commission shall preside at all meetings
of the Commission.
(2) If the Chairman is absent from any meeting, the Vice-Chairman of the Commission
shall preside at such meeting.
(3) The quorum at all meetings shall be two thirds of the number of members of
(4) The members of the Commission shall use their best endeavours to arrive at
all decisions of the meeting by consensus failing which the decision by a two
thirds majority of the members present shall be required.
(5) The Commission shall determine the conduct of its own proceedings.
(1) The Chairman of the Commission shall be paid such remuneration
and allowances as the Yang di-Pertuan Agong may determine.
(2) Every member of the Commission shall be paid allowances at such rates as
the Yang di-Pertuan Agong may determine.
Vacation of office
The office of a member of the Commission shall become vacant---
||upon the death of the member;
||upon the member resigning from such office by letter addressed to Yang di-Pertuan
||upon the expiration of his term of office; or
||upon the member being removed from office on any of the grounds specified
in Section 10.
A member of the Commission may be removed from office by the Yang
di-Pertuan Agong if---
||the member is adjudged insolvent by a court of competent jurisdiction;
||the Yang di-Pertuan Agong, after consulting a medical officer or a registered
medical practitioner, is of the opinion that the member is physically or mentally
incapable of continuing his office;
||the member absents himself from three consecutive meetings of the Commission
without obtaining leave of the Commission or, in the case of the Chairman , without
leave of the Minister;
||the Yang di-Pertuan Agong, on the recommendation of Prime Minister, is of
the opinion that the member---
(i) has engaged in any paid office or employment which conflicts with his
duties as a member of Commission;
(ii) has misbehaved or has conducted himself in such a manner as to bring
disrepute to the Commission; or
(iii) has acted in contravention of this Act and in conflict with his duties
as a member of the Commission.
A member of the Commission may at nay time resign his office by
a letter addressed to the Yang di-Pertuan Agong.
POWERS OF INQUIRY OF THE COMMISSION
Commission may inquire on own motion or on complaint
(1) The Commission may, on its own motion or on a complaint made
to it by
an aggrieved person or group of persons or a person acting on behalf of an aggrieved
person or a group of persons, inquire into an allegation of the infringement
of the human rights of such person or group of person.
(2) The Commission shall not inquire into any complaint relating to any allegation
of the infringement of human rights which---
||is the subject matter of any proceedings pending in any court, including
any appeals; or
||has been finally determined by any court.
(3) If the Commission inquires into an allegation under subsection 12(1) and
during the pendency of such inquiry the allegation becomes the subject matter
of any proceedings in any court, the Commission shall immediately cease to do
Procedure where infringement is not disclosed or is disclosed
(1) Where an inquiry conducted by the Commission under section 12
does not disclose the infringement of human rights, the Commission shall record
that finding and shall record that finding and shall forthwith inform the person
making the complaint.
(2) Where an inquiry conducted by the Commission under section 12 discloses the
infringement of human rights, the Commission shall have the power to refer the
matter, where appropriate, to the relevant authority or person with the necessary
Powers relating to inquiries
(1) The Commission shall, for the purpose of an inquiry under this
Act, have the power---
||to procure and receive all such evidence, written or oral, and to examine
all such persons as witnesses, as the Commission thinks necessary or desirable
to procure or examine;
||to require that the evidence, whether written or oral, of any witness be
given on oath or affirmation being that which could be required of the witness
if he were giving evidence in a court of law, and to administer or cause to be
administered by an officer authorised in that behalf by the Commission an oath
or affirmation to every such witness;
||to summon any person residing in Malaysia to attend any meeting of the Commission
to give evidence or produce any document or other thing in his possession, and
to examine him as a witness or require him to produce any document or other such
||to admit notwithstanding any of the provisions of the Evidence Act 1950 [Act
56], any evidence, whether written or oral, which may be inadmissible in civil
or criminal proceedings; and
||to admit or exclude the public from such inquiry or any part of thereof.
(2) Notwithstanding paragraph (1)(c), where a person summoned is a person under
detention under any other written law, such summons shall be issued in accordance
with the laws applicable in relation to the place of detention.
Evidence before the Commission
(1) A person who gives evidence before the Commission shall, in
respect of such evidence, be entitled to all the privileges to which a witness
giving evidence before a court of law is entitled in respect of evidence given
by him before such court.
(2) No person shall, in respect of any evidence written or oral given by that
person to or before the Commission , be liable to any action or proceeding, civil
or criminal in any court except when the person is charged with giving or fabricating
Appointment of Secretary and the staff
(1) The Commission shall appoint a Secretary to the Commission.
(2) The Commission may appoint such other officers and servants as may be necessary
to assist the Commission in the discharge of its functions under this Act.
Delegation of powers
The Commission may delegate to any officer referred to in subsection
16(2) any of its powers, and the officer to whom such powers are delegated mat
exercise those powers subject to the direction of the Commission.
Protection of members, officers and servants of the Commission
(1) No action, suit, prosecution or proceeding shall be instituted
in any court against the Commission or against any member, officer, or servant
of the Commission in respect of any act, neglect or default done or committed
by him in such capacity provided that he at the time had carried out his functions
in good faith.
(2) Any member, officer or servant of the Commission shall not be required to
produce in any court, any document received by, or to disclose to any court,
any matter or thing coming to the notice of, the Commission in the course of
any inquiry conducted by the Commission under this Act.
(3) No action or proceeding, civil or criminal shall be instituted an any court
against any member of the Commission in respect of any report made by the Commission
under this Act or against any other person in respect of the publication by such
person of a substantially true account of such report.
(4) Chapters IX and X of the Penal Code [Act 574] shall apply to members, officers
and servants of the Commission as if references to "public servant" had been
replaced with "member, officer or servant of the Commission".
(1) The Government shall provide the Commission with adequate funds
annually to enable the Commission to discharge its function under this Act.
(2) The Commission shall not receive any foreign fund.
(3) Notwithstanding subsection (2), the Commission may receive funds without
any conditions from any individual or organisation only for the purpose of promoting
awareness of and providing education in relation to human rights as may be approved
by the Commission.
(4) The Commission shall cause proper audited accounts to be kept of its income
and expenditure, assets and liabilities.
(5) The financial year of the Commission shall be the calendar year
(6) Any expenses incurred by the Commission in any action or proceeding, civil
or criminal, brought by or against the Commission before any court shall be paid
out of the funds of the Commission and any costs paid to, or recovered by, the
Commission in any such action or proceeding, civil or criminal shall be credited
to the funds of the Commission
(7) Any expenses incurred by any member, officer or servant of the Commission,
in any civil action or proceeding, brought against him in any court in respect
of any which is done or purported to be done by him under this Act or on the
direction of the commission shall be paid out of funds of the Commission, unless
such expenses are recovered by him in such civil action or proceeding.
Application of Act 240
The Statutory Bodies (Accounts and Annual Reports) Act 1980 [Act
240] shall apply to the Commission.
(1) The Commission shall not later than the first meeting of Parliament
of the following year, submit an annual report to Parliament of all its activities
during the year to which the report relates.
(2) The report shall contain a list of all matters referred to it, and the action
taken in respect of them together with the recommendations of the Commission
in respect of each matter.
(3) The Commission may, whenever it consider it considers it necessary to do
so, submit special reports to Parliament in respect of any particular matter
or matters referred to it, and the action taken in respect thereof.
The minister may make regulations for the purpose of carrying out
or giving effect to the provisions of this Act, including for prescribing the
procedure to be followed in the conduct of inquiries under this Act.
Power to make disciplinary regulations
(1) The Commission may, with the approval of the Minister, make
such regulations as it thinks necessary or expedient to provide for the discipline
of the officers and servants of the Commission.
(2) Where any disciplinary regulations are made under this section, the Commission
shall cause notice of the effect of those regulations to be given in such manner
as it thinks necessary for bringing it to the notice of all officers and servants
of the Commission who are affected by those regulations and those regulations
shall, notwithstanding sections 19 and 20 of the Interpretation Acts 1948 and
1967 [Act 388], have effect as soon as the notice has been given without publication
in the Gazette.
Date of Royal Assent ···.27 August 1999
Date of Publication in the Gazette ···.9 September 1999